While dealing with Emojis, you might notice that some emojis look like normal characters - they are not colored and look roughly the same on every computer, no matter the font. Others, however, are colored and look different on every phone, computer and operating system.
This is because some emojis are made up of multiple characters, while others are made up of a single character.
While that explanation might sound easy enough, and you could click off this article right away, the world of Unicode is far more complicated. This post intends to explain the basics of Unicode, and how to deal with them in Python.
Extracting Emojis from Strings
If the string containing emojis has the emojis embedded between ‘normal’ text, you’ll find the
Note: Do not confuse the
regexmodule with the
regexmodule is a third-party module that provides more advanced functionality than the standard
remodule. Install it with
pip install regex.
For example, given a string like this:
💘 I 💖 love ❣️ 💝👨👩💞✨ emojis! 👨👩👧👦 You’ll find that traditional methods
of splitting the string will not work as expected.
- Some emojis are single character, some have 2 characters, and some have an undefined number of characters.
- Some emojis sit directly next to eachother
import regex embedded_emojis = "💘 I 💖 love ❣️ 💝👨👩💞✨ emojis! 👨👩👧👦" for match in regex.finditer(r"\X", embedded_emojis): print(match.group(0), ascii(match.group(0)) #
\X matcher matches complex Graphemes and conforms to the Unicode specification. To translate, it will
properly separate emojis for normal letters, and it won’t break apart multi-character emojis.